Bath salts are simply a collection of various designer synthetic chemicals. The name is derived from cases where the substances were disguised as bath salts for people to try. In more modern times, bath salts tend to be powders with a fragrance added. The bath salts themselves are usually made from various salts of natural substances obtained from locations around the world.
The term “bath salts” is actually a misnomer. The substance is not derived from bath salts at all. The term is used to describe a class of substances having a similar chemical structure and action as bath salts (also known as Epsom Salt). The crystals, white powders, or stones often resemble Epsom salt but are different chemically. Most commonly used bath salts are those with a milder scent and a high amount of sodium chloride.
This class of chemicals has been associated with hallucinations and paranoia. Not all users are addicted to the substances, but many have become addicted after developing problems with their chemical balance. For example, many individuals experiencing hallucinations will consume bath salts to help calm them down. Over time, their tolerance for the bath salts will increase and eventually they will become dependent upon the bath salts for their long-term effects. This can lead to severe depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.
Psychotic disorders and aggressive behavior have also been linked to bath salts. It is unclear why this occurs; however it has been shown that bath salts increase the level of dopamine in the brains of users. Dopamine is a drug that helps people feel good. When someone who uses bath salts develops a psychotic break, it can result in violent behavior, hallucinations, and extreme levels of optimism or pessimism.
In addition, bath salts have been found to be associated with other dangerous substances. Mephedrone, an addictive stimulant, is a bath salt precursor. Other bath salts such as butane and iodine are known to be precursors of other drugs such as methamphetamines and cocaine. These chemicals are easily available and often mixed with bath salts. Because the two chemicals have similar effects, bath salts addicts often mix them with their bath salts in order to create a faster high.
Unfortunately, bath salts also contain synthetic cathinones. This class of drugs has been connected to the development of intimate sex offenders, street workers, and sex addicts. However, synthetic cathinones such as ephedrine and methamphetamines have been shown to have some positive benefits in some people. Many users choose to use bath salts in order to relax themselves from tension or depression. Some individuals also use synthetic cathinones to treat medical conditions such as asthma or cancer.
Unfortunately, bath salt addiction is difficult to overcome without professional help. If you suffer from bath salt addiction, your health care provider will most likely want you to undergo detoxification in an inpatient treatment facility. While inpatient rehab is not recommended for the long term, you will most likely need long term care if you do not receive intensive inpatient treatment. Inpatient rehab is recommended for those who are suffering from a bath salt addiction and are having difficulty stopping their behavior. The majority of patients in an inpatient treatment facility will undergo successful detox and recovery. Inpatient therapy may also be helpful if you are experiencing a strong psychological addiction to bath salts.
Although there is no definitive evidence proving that bath salts cause hyperactivity in children, they most certainly have addictive qualities. It is important to remember that bath salts and other stimulant drugs known as “uppers” are highly addictive because they mimic the effects of illegal drugs like marijuana. This makes them much more powerful and dangerous than they first seem.